A Very Short History of Our Nation’s Thanksgiving Day | Blogs

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The archetype of American Thanksgiving is the celebration of the pilgrims of November 1621. However, most popular beliefs about this event are false. The exact date in 1621 is unknown. The dress we matched her with was formal attire and was not worn for Thanksgiving in the field. The party lasted for three days and Native Americans outnumbered 90 to 50 pilgrims, according to attendee Edward Winslow.

Pilgrims were not the first to celebrate Thanksgiving in what has become the United States. This honor belongs to others. A 1541 Thanksgiving Mass was celebrated by Spanish explorer Coronado and his 1,500 men at Palo Duro Canyon in the Texas Panhandle. Thanksgiving services were common in the Colony of Virginia as early as 1607, with Jamestown hosting a Thanksgiving in 1610.

The first national Thanksgiving proclamation was made by the Continental Congress. He published several “National Days of Prayer, Humiliation, and Thanksgiving,” the first in 1777. Massachusetts revolutionary Samuel Adams wrote the first draft. Congress then adopted an edited version. George Washington issued a famous proclamation urging Americans to celebrate a day of thanksgiving in 1789 after Congress asked him to do so.

Thanksgiving was celebrated on and off nationwide after that, but more often locally, which made the date flexible. Caleb Strong, governor of Massachusetts, declared in 1813 that Thursday, November 25 of this year would be “a day of thanksgiving and public prayer.” Then, in 1816, Governor William Plumer of New Hampshire designated Thursday, November 14, as a day of public thanksgiving. That same year, Governor John Brooks of Massachusetts named Thursday, November 28, “observed across this state as Thanksgiving Day.”

President Lincoln in 1863 settled the question of the date when he proclaimed a national day of “Thanksgiving and praise to our beneficent Father who dwells in heaven”, which will be celebrated on the last Thursday in November. . (The proclamation was actually written by Edwin Stanton, a member of Lincoln’s Cabinet.) In 1870, President Grant signed the Congressional Vacation Act that made Lincoln’s Thanksgiving date an annual federal holiday, but only in Washington, DC Then in 1885, Congress placed Thanksgiving on the last Thursday in November and made it and all other federal holidays are paid holidays for federal workers across the United States.

That Thanksgiving date remained firm until 1939, when President Franklin D. Roosevelt moved the official celebration a week earlier to give merchants across the country an extra week of Christmas sales to prepare for the resumption of the Great Depression. As with much of what the FDR enacted, this was controversial. So in 1942, by an act of Congress, which Roosevelt enacted, Thanksgiving Day was permanently moved to the fourth Thursday in November.

Here are some Thanksgiving trivia to keep non-football fans occupied after tomorrow’s party.

Thanksgiving replaced Evacuation Day, a de facto national holiday that took place on November 25 of each year before the Civil War. It commemorates the British withdrawal from the United States after the American Revolution.

Partisan politics once divided the nation on Thanksgiving. When FDR changed the date, Republicans protested, calling it an affront to Lincoln’s memory. People started calling November 30 a “Republican Thanksgiving” and November 23 as “Democratic Thanksgiving” or “Thanksgiving”.

So many American cities have road racing events on Thanksgiving morning, that as of 2018, Thanksgiving is the most popular racing day in America.

Benjamin Franklin wanted the turkey to be our national symbol. Remember that you and yours will enjoy your bird tomorrow.

Have a wonderful Thanksgiving day.

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